Small Claims Court Jurisdiction
A plaintiff cannot demand more than $10,000 in their action. (Texas Government Code 28.093). Additionally, a small claims court plaintiff can only ask the court for monetary relief. The court has no authority to issue an injunctive or equitable award. Say your landscaper breaks a sprinkler head. You can ask the court for money to replace the sprinkler head, but you cannot ask the court for an order requiring the landscaper to physically replace the sprinkler head. This type of relief would be injunctive relief.
Are there appeals in small claims court?
A party can appeal a ruling if the amount of the judge’s award is in excess of $250.00.
Can I file my small claims case in Rockwall County?
You should file your action in the County and specific Precinct where the defendants reside or where the defendant has contracted to perform. (Government Code Section 28.011). Rockwall County Small Claims Court cases are heard in 4 courthouses in Rockwall County.
Do I need A Lawyer?
In Texas, small claims parties generally represent themselves without an attorney. The reasoning behind this is because the amount is $10,000 or less, hiring an attorney becomes cost prohibitive. You are not required to have an attorney, but you are allowed one. (Government Code 28.003).
Types of Small Claims Cases
Most cases for the recovery of money can be heard in small claims court. Cases include damages from an automobile accident, a security deposit from a landlord, or breach of a contract. However, small claims court cannot handle assignments of claims (where one person transfers their interest in an action to another), a divorce proceedings, and cases filed by collection agencies or agents.
Small Claims Court Clerk
We recommend contacting the Rockwall County court clerk before proceeding down to the courthouse to file your action. This will ensure the courthouse is open and someone is available to assist with the filing of your claim. Remember, the court clerk is trained to assist with procedural questions, but is not able to give legal advice.
What can I expect at trial?
The trial is relatively informal compared to a normal trial. There are no rules of evidence. Generally the judge will ask questions to help develop the facts and understand the context and circumstances surrounding the case. It will likely be pretty quick. However, if a party wishes for a jury trial, it will likely last a few hours.
A Justice of the Peace for Rockwall County hears small claims court cases for Rockwall County.
Rockwall County Court Locations
The precinct map for Rockwall County can be found here.
Precinct 1 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Rockwall
This courthouse is located at:1111 E Yellowjacket Ln, Ste 301 Rockwall, TX 75087
Precinct 2 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Rockwall
This courthouse is located at:1111 E Yellowjacket Ln, Ste 302 Rockwall, TX 75087
Precinct 3 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Rockwall
This courthouse is located at:1111 E Yellowjacket Ln, Ste 303 Rockwall, TX 75087
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 3 Place 1. The court’s website can be found here. The phone number for the court is (972)204-6720.
Precinct 4 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Rockwall
This courthouse is located at:1111 E Yellowjacket Ln, Ste 304 Rockwall, TX 75087
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 4 Place 1. The court’s website can be found here. The phone number for the court is (972)204-6710.