Small Claims Court Clerk
The clerk is often the first person small claims court litigants interact with in their case. The clerk is knowledgeable at all of the procedures and will be able to inform you of any specific local procedures for Bowie County. We recommend calling the clerk’s office to ensure the courthouse is open. Also, while the clerk can answer questions about procedures, the clerk cannot give legal advice. Small Claims actions are heard in 6 courthouses throughout Bowie County.
Can I appeal my case?
Appeals are allowed if the amount of the award exceeds $250.00.
Small Claims Court Jurisdiction
You cannot demand or ask for more than $10,000 in a small claims court case. (Government Code 28.093). Small claims parties can only recover money. You cannot seek injunctive relief. Say your landscaper breaks a sprinkler head. You can ask the court for money to replace the sprinkler head, but you cannot ask the court for an order requiring the landscaper to physically replace the sprinkler head. You could only ask the court for an award of money.
Can I hire an attorney?
In Texas, small claims parties generally represent themselves without an attorney. The reasoning behind this is because the amount is $10,000 or less, hiring an attorney becomes cost prohibitive. Nevertheless, you are allowed to retain one if you desire. (Texas Government Code Section 28.003).
How are trials conducted?
Unlike regular civil trials, small claims court rules do not follow the Rules of Evidence. This allows the trials to be conducted in a much more informal fashion. Furthermore, the judge is allowed and often ask questions of witnesses and parties to help understand the facts of a case. A small claims court trial is much quicker, often lasting between 15-20 minutes. If a jury trial is required, the trial could last a few hours.
Where do I file my small claims court case?
In order to follow correct procedure, a small claims case needs to be filed in the proper county and precinct. In Texas, the action is filed in the County and Precinct where the defendants reside or where a contract was to be performed. (Government Code Section 28.011).
Who is the judge in a Small Claims Court case?
The justice of the peace for Bowie County presides over small claims court actions for Bowie County.
Types of Small Claims Cases
A variety of cases are handled in small claims court. This could be an action to get your security deposit back, or an action to recover money for damage done to your vehicle after a car accident. The only types of cases that are prohibited are an assignment of a claim (whereby you transfer your interest in a case for someone else to collect), a divorce, or a case filed by a collection agency or agents.
Bowie County Court Locations
The precinct map for Bowie County can be found here.
Precinct 1 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Texarkana
This courthouse is located at:100 N State Line Ave, Box 13 Texarkana, TX 75501-5666
Precinct 1 Place 2 Courthouse in the City of Texarkana
This courthouse is located at:100 N State Line Ave, Box 14 Texarkana, TX 75501-5666
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 1 Place 2. The court’s website can be found here. The phone number for the court is (903)798-3038.
Precinct 2 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of New Boston
This courthouse is located at:710 James Bowie Dr New Boston, TX 75570
Precinct 3 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of De Kalb
This courthouse is located at:902 W Front St De Kalb, TX 75559-0241
Precinct 4 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Simms
This courthouse is located at:4844 US Hwy 67W Simms, TX 75574
Precinct 5 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Maud
This courthouse is located at:P O Box 189 Maud, TX 75567