Can I appeal my case?
A party can appeal a ruling if the amount of the judge’s award is in excess of $250.00.
Small Claims Court Jurisdiction
You cannot demand or ask for more than $10,000 in a small claims court case. (Government Code 28.093). Another restriction of small claims court is that a plaintiff can only seek monetary relief (an award of money). You are unable to seek injunctive or equitable relief. For example, if you pay a painter $1,000 to paint your house and the painter does not even begin, you cannot ask the court to issue an order for the painter to paint your house. You could only ask the court for an award of money. Small Claims Court cases for Bowie are heard in 7 LOCATIONS throughout Bowie County.
Do I need A Lawyer?
In Texas, small claims parties generally represent themselves without an attorney. This is largely because the amount at issue in the case is not large enough to justify the hiring of an attorney. However, you are allowed to retain one if you choose.
Can I file my small claims case in Bowie County?
The action is generally filed in the County and Precinct where the defendants reside (where they live) or where location where the Defendants contracted themselves to perform. (Texas Government Code Section 28.011).
Judges for Small Claims Court Cases in Bowie County
A Justice of the Peace for Bowie County hears small claims court cases for Bowie County.
Types of Cases
Most cases for the recovery of money can be heard in small claims court. From a security deposit on a rental to a motor vehicle accident. The only types of cases that are prohibited are an assignment of a claim (whereby you transfer your interest in a case for someone else to collect), a divorce, or a case filed by a collection agency or agents.
Clerk’s Role in Small Claims Court Actions
We recommend contacting the Bowie County court clerk before proceeding down to the courthouse to file your action. The clerk is an excellent resource for the procedure for small claims court cases in Texas but also any procedures specific to that County or courthouse. It is recommended that you contact the clerk’s office to ensure the courthouse is open during the hours you want to visit. Remember, the court clerk is trained to assist with procedural questions, but is not able to give legal advice.
What can I expect at trial?
Unlike regular civil trials, small claims court rules do not follow the Rules of Evidence. This allows the trials to be conducted in a much more informal fashion. Furthermore, the judge is allowed and often ask questions of witnesses and parties to help understand the facts of a case. A small claims court trial is much quicker, often lasting between 15-20 minutes. However, if a party wishes for a jury trial, it will likely last a few hours.
Bowie County Court Locations
The precinct map for Bowie County can be found here.
Precinct 1 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Texarkana
This courthouse is located at:100 N State Line Ave, Box 13 Texarkana, TX 75501-5666
Precinct 1 Place 2 Courthouse in the City of Texarkana
This courthouse is located at:100 N State Line Ave, Box 14 Texarkana, TX 75501-5666
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 1 Place 2. The court’s website can be found here. The phone number for the court is (903)798-3038.
Precinct 2 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of New Boston
This courthouse is located at:710 James Bowie Dr New Boston, TX 75570
Precinct 3 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of De Kalb
This courthouse is located at:780 NW Front St De Kalb, TX 75559-0241
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 3 Place 1. The court’s website can be found here. The phone number for the court is (903)667-3891.
Precinct 4 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Simms
This courthouse is located at:4844 US Hwy 67W Simms, TX 75574
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 4 Place 1. The court’s website can be found here. The phone number for the court is (903)543-2279.
Precinct 5 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Maud
This courthouse is located at:P O Box 189 Maud, TX 75567
Precinct 7 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Hooks
This courthouse is located at:P O Box 550 Hooks, TX 75561-0550