Types of Cases
Most cases for the recovery of money can be heard in small claims court. This could be an action to get your security deposit back, or an action to recover money for damage done to your vehicle after a car accident. Under Texas law, collections cases and claim assignments cannot be heard in small claims court. Brazoria County Small Claims Court cases are heard in 8 courthouses in Brazoria County.
Small Claims Court Venue
In order to follow correct procedure, a small claims case needs to be filed in the proper county and precinct. In Texas, the action is filed in the County and Precinct where the defendants reside or where a contract was to be performed. (Government Code Section 28.011).
Small claims cases in Brazoria County are heard in front of the justice of the peace for Brazoria County.
Brazoria County Court Clerk
The clerk is often the first person small claims court litigants interact with in their case. The clerk is knowledgeable at all of the procedures and will be able to inform you of any specific local procedures for Brazoria County. We recommend calling the clerk’s office to ensure the courthouse is open. Also, while the clerk can answer questions about procedures, the clerk cannot give legal advice.
Can I appeal my case?
A party can appeal a ruling if the amount of the judge’s award is in excess of $250.00.
Do I need to hire an Attorney?
You are allowed to hire an attorney (Texas Government Code Section 28.003), however, most small claims court parties choose to represent themselves. The reasoning behind this is because the amount is $10,000 or less, hiring an attorney becomes cost prohibitive. However, you are allowed to retain one if you choose.
How are trials conducted?
Small claims court trials are very informal compared to a regular civil trial. This allows the trials to be conducted in a much more informal fashion. Furthermore, the judge is allowed and often ask questions of witnesses and parties to help understand the facts of a case. It will likely be pretty quick. However, if a party wishes for a jury trial, it will likely last a few hours.
Can I file my case in small claims court?
The plaintiff’s demand for money cannot exceed $10,000. (Texas Government Code 28.093). Additionally, a small claims court plaintiff can only ask the court for monetary relief. The court has no authority to issue an injunctive or equitable award. For example, you could sue a dry cleaner for ruining your clothes and ask for money to replace the clothes, but you cannot ask the judge for an order for the dry cleaner to repair your clothes. This would be called injunctive relief.
Brazoria County Court Locations
The precinct map for Brazoria County can be found here.
Precinct 1 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Lake Jackson
This courthouse is located at:309 W Plantation Lake Jackson, TX 77566
Precinct 1 Place 2 Courthouse in the City of Freeport
This courthouse is located at:210 A West First St Freeport, TX 77541
Precinct 2 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Manvel
This courthouse is located at:7313 Corporate Dr Manvel, TX 77578
Precinct 2 Place 2 Courthouse in the City of Angleton
This courthouse is located at:111 E Locust, Rm 110 Angleton, TX 77515
Precinct 3 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Alvin
This courthouse is located at:260 George St, Ste 100 Alvin, TX 77511
Precinct 3 Place 2 Courthouse in the City of Pearland
This courthouse is located at:2436 S Grand Blvd, Ste 110 Pearland, TX 77581-4267
Precinct 4 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Brazoria
This courthouse is located at:101 E Alabama St Brazoria, TX 77422
Precinct 4 Place 2 Courthouse in the City of West Columbia
This courthouse is located at:121 10th St West Columbia, TX 77486