Who is the judge in a Small Claims Court case?
Small claims cases in Medina County are heard in front of the justice of the peace for Medina County.
Small Claims Court Jurisdiction
The plaintiff’s demand for money cannot exceed $10,000. (Texas Government Code 28.093). Another restriction of small claims court is that a plaintiff can only seek monetary relief (an award of money). You are unable to seek injunctive or equitable relief. For example, if you pay a painter $1,000 to paint your house and the painter does not even begin, you cannot ask the court to issue an order for the painter to paint your house. This type of relief would be injunctive relief.
Can I appeal my case?
Appeals are allowed if the amount of the award exceeds $250.00.
Small Claims Court Case Types
Most cases for the recovery of money can be heard in small claims court. This could be an action to get your security deposit back, or an action to recover money for damage done to your vehicle after a car accident. The only types of cases that are prohibited are an assignment of a claim (whereby you transfer your interest in a case for someone else to collect), a divorce, or a case filed by a collection agency or agents.
Medina County Court Clerk
The clerk at the courthouse can be an excellent resource for your case. This will ensure the courthouse is open and someone is available to assist with the filing of your claim. Remember, the court clerk is trained to assist with procedural questions, but is not able to give legal advice.
How are trials conducted?
Unlike regular civil trials, small claims court rules do not follow the Rules of Evidence. This allows the trials to be conducted in a much more informal fashion. Furthermore, the judge is allowed and often ask questions of witnesses and parties to help understand the facts of a case. Trials generally are pretty short (15-20 minutes). A jury trial will likely last longer, probably a few hours.
Can I file my small claims case in Medina County?
You should file your action in the County and specific Precinct where the defendants reside or where the defendant has contracted to perform. (Government Code Section 28.011). Small Claims actions are heard in 4 courthouses throughout Medina County.
Can I hire an attorney?
Small claims court litigants in Texas normally represent themselves without an attorney. The reasoning behind this is because the amount is $10,000 or less, hiring an attorney becomes cost prohibitive. You are not required to have an attorney, but you are allowed one. (Government Code 28.003).
Medina County Court Locations
The precinct map for Medina County can be found here.
Precinct 1 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Hondo
This courthouse is located at:1100 16th St Hondo, TX 78861
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 1 Place 1. The phone number for the court is (830)741-6051. And you can email the court by clicking here.
Precinct 2 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Castroville
This courthouse is located at:1312 Geneva St Castroville, TX 78009-2931
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 2 Place 1. The phone number for the court is (830)931-4010. And you can email the court by clicking here.
Precinct 3 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Hondo
This courthouse is located at:1100 16th St, Rm 105 Hondo, TX 78861-1846
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 3 Place 1. The phone number for the court is (830)741-6030. And you can email the court by clicking here.
Precinct 4 Place 1 Courthouse in the City of Devine
This courthouse is located at:317 SH 132 N Devine, TX 78016-3209
This courthouse handles cases for Precinct 4 Place 1. The phone number for the court is (830)665-8020. And you can email the court by clicking here.